Fragaria Vesca, Wild Strawberry, Woodland Strawberry, Alpine Strawberry, Carpathian Strawberry, European Strawberry
It is widely distributed in the European part, Western and Eastern Siberia, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It grows on sunny slopes, hills, forest clearings, clearings, edges and in light forests. It is often found in the form of thickets. Reproduces vegetatively.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant of the Rosaceae family up to 20 cm tall. The rhizome is short, and oblique, with numerous adventitious brownish-brown thin roots. The stem is erect, leafy, and covered with hairs.
Leaves on long petioles, trifoliate, dark green above, bluish-green below, softly pubescent. Rooting shoots develop from the axils of the basal leaves. Blooms from May to June.
The flowers are white and arranged on long pedicels. The fruit (false), incorrectly called a berry, is an overgrown fleshy fragrant bright red color that is younger. Ripens in July – September.
Medicinal raw materials are mature fruits and leaves. The berries are harvested early in the morning when the dew comes down, or at the end of the day without cups and stalks. Dried in an oven or dryer at a temperature of 60-65 ° C. Before they acquire flowability.
The leaves are collected during the flowering of a plant with a petiole no longer than 1 cm. Dry immediately outdoors in the shade or in a well-ventilated room, scattering a thin layer and stirring occasionally.
Leaves are stored in bags for no more than 1 year, berries – for 2 years. Strawberry fruits contain vitamins C and B, carotene, malic and salicylic acids, tannins and pectins, and anthocyanin compounds.
The leaves contain vitamin C, tannins, flavonoids, and alkaloids. Rutin is present in all parts of the plant. Fresh fruits and decoction of dried berries have a beneficial effect on digestion, quench thirst, stimulate appetite, eliminate inflammatory and ulcerative processes in the gastrointestinal tract, bile and urinary tract, and increase the regenerating properties of tissues.
Strawberries are useful for gastritis, colitis and dysentery. increases the contraction of the muscles of the uterus. Fresh fruits are a good remedy for the treatment of anemia.
Externally, they are used to treat eczema, acne, age spots and freckles, and small wounds. Strawberry leaves improve metabolism, promote the excretion of salts from the body, and exhibit anti-inflammatory, soothing effects.
Preparations of strawberry leaves are used orally for atherosclerosis, diarrhea, internal bleeding, kidney, bladder and spleen diseases, bronchial asthma, hemorrhoidal and uterine bleeding, stones and sand in kidneys, gout, arthritis, deforming spondylosis, gallstones and urolithiasis, externally with hemorrhoids, purulent wounds, ulcers, skin itching.
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