Nasturtium Officinale, Watercress, Yellowcress
It is distributed almost throughout Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia. In natural conditions, it is occasionally found in swamps and near springs, on stony and crushed stone soil. Propagated by seeds and cuttings.
It grows well and gives a lot of greenery with an abundance of moisture and a water temperature of 10-12 ° C.
It is a perennial food and medicinal herbaceous plant of the cabbage family. The stem is raised, hollow, and furrowed. The leaves are petiolate, indented, pinnate, opposite, and arranged in pairs.
The upper leaf of the stem is somewhat oval. Blooms from May to September. The flowers are white, with four petals, located at the top of the stem. The fruit is a slightly swollen pod. The medicinal raw material is grass.
In culture, it is cut 40-45 days after planting seedlings, when the plant reaches a height of 40-45 cm. The raw materials are knitted into bundles, placed in baskets, then dried.
Fresh herbs, seasoned with mayonnaise or vegetable oil, are served to the table as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes, as it has a sharp mustard taste and improves appetite.
The plant is rich in vitamins and trace elements, and does not contain sugar. Vitamin C and carotene in the asp are much more than in the leaves of onions.
The herb contains essential oil, iodine, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, vitamins E, B1, and provitamins A and D.
The main advantage of this plant is that vitamins and trace elements in it are balanced. The preparations have diuretic, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, laxative, tonic, and regulating metabolism properties.
It is used internally for vitamin deficiency, anemia, rheumatism, gout, diseases of the gallbladder and bladder, liver, upper respiratory tract, thyroid gland, diabetes mellitus, gallstone and kidney stones, and externally for skin rashes, itchy skin, and burns.
Fresh juice is consumed orally for the purpose of weight loss and for the prevention of atherosclerosis, anemia, liver diseases, kidney stones and bladder, kidney inflammation and gastrointestinal tract, externally in the form of ointment in the treatment of burns, to remove warts and adipose.
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