Moringa Oleifera and it’s Chemical Composition

The scientific name of the horseradish tree is Moringa oleifera, a tropical plant cultivated in southern Europe.

In some European resorts, tea from the leaves of this tree is quite popular, we decided to find out what kind of plant it is and whether it is really useful.

The Moringa oleifera tree was first cultivated in the temperate climate of Greece, the first studies of the plant were also carried out here, and the composition of the leaves revealed:

 

Chemical composition of Moringa Oleifera

 

  • protein in large quantities up to 27%;

  • essential amino acids for humans, their content in the leaves of the tree was 5%;

  • phenols and flavonoids, such as  myricetin, quercetin and camparol, are contained in horseradish leaves at 0.6% 0.08% and 0.04%, respectively ;

  • lipids up to 5.6%;

  • fatty acids 28.33% including monounsaturated fatty acids – 8.54%;

  • ash;

  • minerals such as Calcium, Potassium, Magnesium and Phosphorus (1712.6 1002.9 460.4 and 194.2 mg per 100 grams of dried moringa leaves, other minerals (Mn, Na, Fe, Zn, Cu and Se) are found in the plant in lower, practically negligible concentrations;

  • dietary fiber 34% and non-structural carbohydrates 22%;

  • carotenoids lutein, zeaxanthin and beta-carotene at 10.03 1.52 and 2.02 mg per 100 grams, respectively;

  • and vitamins C and E  203.1 and 104 mg per 100 grams of dried raw Moringa olive leaves.

The horse radish tree, also known as Moringa oleifera, is a highly nutritious and versatile plant that offers numerous health benefits. Here are some of the key benefits of consuming or using various parts of the moringa tree:

 

  1. Nutrient-Rich: Moringa leaves are packed with essential nutrients, including vitamins (A, C, and E), minerals (calcium, potassium, and iron), and protein. It is often called a “superfood” due to its nutrient density.

  2. Antioxidant Properties: Moringa is rich in antioxidants, such as quercetin and chlorogenic acid, which can help protect cells from damage caused by free radicals.

  3. Anti-Inflammatory: Compounds in moringa have anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce inflammation in the body.

  4. Supports Healthy Skin: Moringa oil, extracted from the seeds, is used in cosmetics and skin care products due to its moisturizing and nourishing properties.

  5. Boosts Immune System: The high vitamin C content in moringa leaves can boost the immune system and help the body fight off infections.

  6. Regulates Blood Sugar: Some studies suggest that moringa may help lower blood sugar levels, making it potentially beneficial for people with diabetes.

  7. Lowers Cholesterol: Moringa may help reduce cholesterol levels, which can contribute to cardiovascular health.

  8. Aids in Digestion: Moringa leaves and pods have a mild laxative effect, which can aid in digestion and prevent constipation.

  9. Bone Health: Moringa is a good source of calcium and phosphorus, which are essential for maintaining healthy bones.

  10. Weight Management: Moringa is low in calories and high in nutrients, making it a good addition to a weight management plan.

  11. Improves Vision: It is a source of vitamin A, which is important for maintaining good vision and eye health.

  12. Aids Breastfeeding: Moringa leaves are traditionally used in some cultures to promote lactation in nursing mothers.

  13. Natural Water Purifier: Crushed moringa seeds can be used to purify water by binding to impurities and making them settle to the bottom, making it a cost-effective and sustainable way to provide clean drinking water in some regions.

  14. Culinary Versatility: Moringa leaves and pods are used in various culinary dishes and can be added to salads, soups, and stews.

  15. Sustainable Crop: Moringa trees grow quickly and can thrive in arid or tropical climates. They require minimal water and can be a sustainable source of nutrition.

 

It’s worth noting that while moringa offers many potential health benefits, more research is needed to fully understand its effects and potential applications. If you’re considering adding moringa to your diet or using it for medicinal purposes, it’s advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

Herbal tea is marked by a high content of phenols and flavonoids (myricetin, quercetin and kamparol) and has antioxidant activity. Such tea can be regarded as useful, but not much different from other herbal teas in its effect on the body.

 

Contraindications

 

The use of the plant is strictly contraindicated for pregnant women, as it has an abortive effect and for people with poor blood clotting.

 

Reference:

Analysis of Nutritional Components of Horse Radish Tree Flowers
(Moringa oleifera) Wildly Grown in Sindh Province
https://scholar.googleusercontent.com/scholar?q=cache:A4eruhXiM0sJ:scholar.google.com/+research+papers+about+horse+radish+tree&hl=en&as_sdt=0,5&as_vis=1

Saghir Ahmed Sheikh1,*, Benish Nawaz Mirani1, Shafi Muhammad Nizamani2,
Aijaz Hussain Soomro1 and Aasia Akbar Panhwar1

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