Sambucus Ebulus, Danewort, Dane Weed, Danes Blood, Dwarf Elder, European Dwarf Elder, Walewort, Dwarf Elderberry, Elderwort, Blood Hilder
Dwarf Elderberry is common in Central and Southern Europe, Moldova, the south of Ukraine and the North Caucasus. Growing close to home along roads, in waste places and clearings along river banks, forest edges and slopes of mountains up to a height of 2000 m. In ancient Greece and ancient Rome, the elderberry herbaceous was considered a sacred plant. It can be cultivated as an ornamental plant.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant of the honeysuckle family. up to 2 m high. The stem is branched, and grooved, with loose wood. Leaves are pinnate. Flowers pink and white, collected in umbrella inflorescences. Blooms in June – July.
Fruit – dark purple drupe, spherical, with three hard seeds and a bad smell. Medicinal raw materials are fruits, aerial parts, roots and flowers. The flowers are harvested during the flowering period, cutting off the umbrella inflorescences at full opening.
Dry in a well-ventilated indoors or under a canopy. Elderberry should not be dried in the sun. After drying, the raw material is threshed to separate the pedicels. Dwarf Elderberry is harvested in the first half of summer in dry, clear weather.
Dry on the day of collection in the shade or in a well-ventilated area, laying out a layer of 2-3 cm and often turning over. The fruits are harvested at full ripeness. Dry in a dryer at temperatures of 30-35 ° C.
The fruits contain essential oil, a dye, tannins, bitterness, organic acids, pectins and toxic alkaloid amygdalin (during the drying process, it completely collapses).
The roots contain saponins, tannins and bitterness, in the inflorescence – sugars, essential oils, and amygdalin. ‘ Elderberry preparations have a diuretic, antiseptic, expectorant, diaphoretic and laxative action.
Internally used for coughing, catarrh of the upper respiratory ways, neuralgia and as a laxative, externally with hives, gout, and inflammation of the colon.
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