Centaurea Cyanus, Corn Flower, Bachelor’s Button
It is distributed mainly in the middle and northern parts of Europe, and Western Siberia. It is found in weedy places, along roads, on the sides of fields, and near forest belts. It grows as a weed in winter crops, more often in rye and wheat. Propagated by seeds.
It is an annual plant of the Asteraceae family with a height of 30-70 cm. The stem is erect and branched in the upper part.
The root is a taproot, well-developed. The leaves are alternate, spider-woolly, gray-green, the lower pinnate, dying off by the time of flowering of the plant, the middle and upper sessile, linear. Blooms from June to late autumn.
The flowers are blue or blue, less often azure or white. Inflorescences are single baskets located on leafless parts of stems. The fruits ripen in August.
Medicinal raw materials are quite blooming flower baskets. They are cut, and sorted, impurities are removed and dried in a shaded room or under a canopy, laying out a thin layer on clean paper, since the raw materials lose valuable qualities in the sun.
Stored in closed boxes or glass jars for 2 years. The flowers of the plant contain anthocyanins, coumarins, flavone glycosides, saponins, sterols, resinous, pectin and tannins, carotene and ascorbic acid.
Cornflower preparations have a diuretic, diaphoretic, antipyretic, choleretic, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, mild laxative, anti-schizophrenic, analgesic, and wound-healing effect.
They relieve spasms of smooth muscles of internal organs, stimulate appetite and improve digestion.
It is used internally for colds, coughs, edema of renal and cardiac origin, inflammation of the bladder and kidneys, to improve digestion, constipation, stomach pain, and palpitations, it is for the treatment of chicken blindness, conjunctivitis, blepharitis, and also as an anti-schizophrenic agent.
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