Acorus Calamus, Sweet Flag, Sway, Muskrat Root
In quiet backwaters, closer to the shore, in shallower places, you can see bunches of narrow long xiphoid leaves. This is Acorus Calamus or Tatar potion. Distributed in the European part. Central Asia, Siberia, Far East. The water where calamus grows is drinkable.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant of the aroid family, reaching a height of 60-120 cm, with a horizontal creeping sinuous rhizome (up to 1.5 m long and up to 3 cm thick) with numerous white stringy roots.
Rhizome-covered remnants of leaf sheaths, yellowish-green, almost brown, inside is white with a pink tinge. Leaves are alternate, two-row, bright green, collected in bunches at the ends of branches rhizomes.
The leaves and especially the rhizome have a strong pleasant smell. Inflorescence – fleshy apical cylindrical-conical, deviated to the side, the ear is long 4-12 cm. The flowers are small, greenish-yellow, and bisexual. Fruit – oblong multi-seeded berry. Blooms quite rarely, from the end of May to July.
Medicinal raw materials are rhizomes without small roots. They are harvested in summer and autumn (from July to September), when swamps dry up and the groundwater level drops. The rhizome calamus is dug up and pulled out with a rake in damp places.
The collected and cleaned raw materials are dried in the open air, then cut into pieces 20-30 cm long and dried in a well-ventilated room at a temperature not higher than 30-33 “C.
When harvesting calamus roots, it is necessary to restore the raw bases that leave half of the shoots of the plant. Reworks in this place can be conducted no earlier than 10 years. Shelf life raw materials – up to 3 years.
The raw material contains fragrant calamus oil, vitamin C, acorin glycoside, calamen alkaloid, choline, resin and starch. Calamus preparations have analgesic, expectorant, and disinfectant effects, increase the tone of the central nervous system, and slightly lower blood pressure.
Applied inside with stomach ulcers, vomiting, jaundice, malaria, inflammation of the bladder, externally for rinsing with bad breath, toothache, in the form of lotions on festering wounds.
15 Benefits of Sweet Flag
Sweet flag (Acorus calamus) is an herb that has been used for various purposes in traditional medicine and herbalism for centuries. While some of its uses have come under scrutiny due to potential health concerns, it’s important to note that the herb should be used with caution and under the guidance of a qualified healthcare professional. Here are 15 potential benefits associated with sweet flag:
Digestive Aid: Sweet flag can help with indigestion, bloating, and gas due to its carminative properties.
Anti-inflammatory: It may have anti-inflammatory properties that can help with conditions such as arthritis.
Mental Alertness: Traditionally, sweet flag has been used to improve mental alertness and focus.
Stress Reduction: Some people use sweet flag to reduce stress and anxiety.
Asthma Relief: It has been used to relieve symptoms of asthma and bronchitis.
Antibacterial: Sweet flag may have antibacterial properties and can help combat infections.
Anti-fungal: It is believed to have antifungal properties, which can be useful in treating fungal infections.
Oral Health: Some use it for oral health, as it may help with dental problems and bad breath.
Appetite Stimulation: It may stimulate the appetite in some individuals.
Respiratory Health: Sweet flag has been used to soothe respiratory conditions and reduce symptoms like cough and congestion.
Diuretic: It can help increase urine output and aid in flushing out toxins from the body.
Menstrual Regulation: In some traditional systems, sweet flag is used to regulate the menstrual cycle.
Pain Relief: It may help alleviate pain, such as headaches or muscle pain.
Memory Enhancement: Sweet flag has been associated with improved memory and cognitive function in some traditional practices.
Skin Health: Some use it topically for skin conditions like eczema or psoriasis.
It’s important to note that the safety and efficacy of sweet flag can vary depending on how it’s used and the individual’s health condition. Some compounds in sweet flag, like β-asarone, have raised concerns due to potential toxic effects, so it should be used with caution and preferably under the guidance of a qualified herbalist or healthcare professional. Pregnant and breastfeeding women and individuals with certain medical conditions should avoid its use. Always consult with a healthcare provider before using sweet flag or any herbal remedy.
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