Geranium Pratense, Meadow Cranesbill, Meadow Geranium, Crowfoot
It is widespread in the European part, Siberia, and Central Asia. It grows in meadows, forest edges, clearings, deciduous and coniferous forests, and moist forest clearings, among ruins near fences.
It is a perennial plant of the geranium family with a height of up to 80 cm. The stem grows from the rhizome. The leaves are palmately divided. The stem and leaves are covered with hairs with glands. Blooms from June to September.
The flowers are single, large, purple-red, with 5 petals, located on long pedicels. Medicinal raw materials are the aboveground part of the plant, sometimes the roots. The grass is harvested during flowering and dried under a canopy or in a dryer at a temperature of 40-45 ° C.
Stored in wooden or glass containers for 1 year. The roots of the plant contain starch and other carbohydrates, triterpene saponins, tannins, phenolic carboxylic acids, catechins, flavonoids, vitamin C and carotene, carbohydrates, glucose, fructose, raffinose, saponins, alkaloids, vitamins C and K, carotene, tannins, flavonoids, anthocyanins and leucoanthocyanins were found in the aboveground part.
Geranium preparations have astringent, disinfecting, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antitoxic, wound healing, hemostatic, soothing, and analgesic properties, as well as the ability to dissolve salt deposits in kidney stones, rheumatism and gout.
It is used internally in the treatment of malignant neoplasms, bone fractures, epilepsy, upper respiratory tract diseases, fever, gastritis, enteritis, food poisoning, dysentery, copious and prolonged menstruation and hemorrhoidal bleeding, urolithiasis, rheumatism, gout, heart disease, externally in the treatment of purulent wounds, ulcers, abscesses, rheumatic pains in joints, anal and genital fistulas, sore throat, inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth and throat, with whites, hair loss.
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