Betonica Officinalis, Stachys Officinalis, Common Hedge Nettle, Betony, Purple Betony, Wood Betony, Bishop Wort
Distributed in the European part, in the Caucasus, in Western Siberia. growing in meadows, near roads, in thickets, in clearings among bushes.
It is a perennial herbaceous plant of the mint family. up to 1 m high. Stem erect, tetrahedral, covered hairs, bent down, bears only 2 pairs of opposite leaves, basal collected in a rosette.
Leaves oblong heart-shaped, crenate. The stem ends in a cone spikelet. The smell of the plant is quite strong, and peculiar, and tastes salty-bitter. Blooms in July – August. Flowers reddish-purple, collected in half whorls. The fruit consists of 4 nuts.
Ripens in August – September. As a medicinal raw material, elevated part of a plant. Harvest it during the flowering period in dry, clear weather, leaving 10% of the plants for ‘sowing in the soil. Grass packed loosely in bags. Before drying, yellowed leaves and plants are spoiled by insects.
Dried raw material in well ventilated, darkened room, in the air in the shade or in the dryer at a temperature of 40-50 ° C, scattering in a thin layer. stems should break after drying. Stored in boxes for 2 years.
The aerial parts of the initial letter contain essential oil, alkaloids, betonicin and stachydrine, choline, flavonoids, resins, tannins, bitterness, vitamins C and K, and calcium salts.
Plant preparations have anti-inflammatory, choleretic, expectorant, anti-asthma, wound healing soothing, antiseptic, hemostatic, analgesic, metabolism-enhancing action, reduce blood pressure, increase blood circulation and regulate digestion.
In the Middle Ages, the initial letter was a famous medicinal plant, so the proverb was popular in Italy: “Sell a coat, buy a letter.
It is used orally for diseases of the liver, lungs, bronchi, tracheitis, tuberculosis, asthma, persistent cough, pulmonary bleeding, inflammation of the kidneys, and bladder, increased nervous excitability, epilepsy, migraine, dizziness, pain in joints, rheumatoid arthritis, gout, gastritis with reduced acidity, constipation, indigestion, jaundice, hypertension, externally for washing wounds and ulcers, with sinusitis and chronic runny nose.
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